Cornell decision to ax courses steps on academic freedom — Ithaca Journal
Since most of us grew up eating the typical Western, a.k.a. the Standard American, Diet we have all assumed that it was the healthiest possible way for humans to eat. We have trusted our “system” of government, medicine, academia, pharmaceuticals, food companies and media to deliver the most superior diet for humans on the planet. But, tragically, that “system” has failed us. In a single word, it all boils down to MONEY.
After covering a plethora of compelling reasons (beginning with our own health) for eating mostly whole plant-based foods in the first seven chapters of our book, we dedicated Chapter 8 to this provocative topic: Why Did No One Tell You This Before? In just seventeen pages with thirty-six footnotes, we present well-documented examples of how every piece of that highly complex, inter-connected system has failed us miserably — inflicting incalculable damage to our health and our planet in the process.
Beginning with a quote by Will Rogers, “Everyone is ignorant, only on different subjects.” Then, seventeen pages later, we ended that chapter with a quote by Saul Bellow, “A great deal of intelligence can be invested in ignorance.” Sadly that describes exactly what has happened with our “food system” in the USA — and there are 35 million jobs riding on keeping it that way. In The China Study, Dr. Campbell attributes this sad dilemma to a complex combination of money, ego, power and control.
In another blog, I have documented what happened at Cornell when Dr. Campbell’s course on Plant-Based Nutrition was suddenly canceled by the administration without even so much as a phone call to explain their decision. That blog is entitled: Cancer, cell phones, cow’s milk, and Cornell. Recently Dr. Campbell has gotten to know another Cornell professor who has had the same experience while he too was practicing academic freedom in search of the truth.
After much discussion, Dr. Campbell and Dr. Randy O. Wayne have co-authored an Op-Ed that appeared in the Ithaca Journal on August 4, 2011. Provided here in its entirety. In a phone conversation with Dr. Campbell yesterday, he told me that he had also sent a copy of this Op-Ed to Mark Bittman at the New York Times. Stay tuned.
Cornell decision to ax courses steps on academic freedom
by T. Colin Campbell, PhD and Randy O. Wayne, PhD
We are Cornell professors devoted to our university and to the pursuit of knowledge. Pushing the boundaries of knowledge, although often exhilarating, can be challenging.
We now find ourselves at odds between our scholarly responsibilities and our institution’s expectations. One of us has formulated a fascinating and intellectually elegant way of understanding nutrition. The other has become aware of an oversight in Albert Einstein’s special theory of relativity. Both of our interpretations profoundly challenge current paradigms, with far-reaching implications. Critique and challenge is something we welcome.
We recently met each other because both of our courses were removed from the Cornell course catalog without consulting us — effectively removing our perspectives from the curriculum and from further consideration by Cornell students. We now question the way that Cornell handles the teaching of scientific matters that do not conform to the status quo.
These assaults on academic freedom have not gone unnoticed outside of Cornell, and have been reported on in the June newsletter of the American Institute for Science and Technology Education and in the documentary film “Forks over Knives.”
Alarmingly, the elimination of our courses was performed without consulting us as instructors and with no explanation (except for one letter now being suppressed). We appealed the decisions only to find that the process was tightly controlled with no transparency. To this day, no reasons for the course cancelations have been given.
In one case, the decision to eliminate the course was crafted by an administrator having a personal association with an industry and companion government agency known to be unhappy with one of our professional views, as offered in the course.
In the second case, the possibility exists that the course was removed under the auspices of a dean who happens to be a geneticist because the students were taught to develop an active skepticism about the lucrative trends in genetics, such as modifying food crops using antibiotic-resistance genes and performing genetic tests for mental illness and athletic performance. Cornell University should be a “marketplace of ideas” as Justice William Brennan described the role of the American university, and not the ideas of the marketplace as it currently seems to be.
We wish to speak of the serious assault on academic freedom that these administrative actions represent. In both cases, single administrators acted in an arbitrary and capricious manner with no input from the instructor. Indeed, we question Cornell’s commitment to the concept of academic freedom, a serious matter that questions fundamental issues of university credibility and integrity.
We hold dear the concept of academic freedom and believe that challenging dogma is not only a right but a responsibility when we have observations and findings to support our views. Without intellectual freedom of inquiry and expression of opinion, the core mission of a university is eviscerated and the academy ceases to exist. Without having such academies, a society decays into autocracy. In such a scenario, we can no longer claim to have universities of, by and for free thinkers.
We are both sincere about our career findings. So are a growing community of people and institutions outside of Cornell. But our researches seem to be presenting serious challenge to Cornell. While we do not know the reasons why our courses were eliminated covertly, it has not escaped our notice that the administrators who made the decisions were, intentionally or not, serving the interests of their industry counterparts.
We both are proud to be Cornellian. One of us came to the Cornell faculty 23 years ago. The other did his graduate work at Cornell, returned to Cornell as a full professor 37 years ago and was then appointed to an endowed chair. He developed a highly productive research program that was generously funded by the U.S. taxpayer via the National Institutes of Health. It is our purpose to think, to explore new vistas and to share them with students and others in a manner that is consistent with human welfare and progress. We believe that most people support this view and we can only hope that Cornell will see the error of its ways.
The concept of academic freedom is essential to the mission of any university. Students and faculty must have the right to explore issues, including those that may be inconvenient to external political groups or to authorities, without being subjected to discriminatory practices and repercussions. We are a public institution and are obligated to share our views with students and with the public according to what our scholarship may reveal. It is not our purpose, as instructors and researchers, to speak for the academy as an institution. It is our purpose to share what we believe are ideas that can create a new public narrative benefiting Cornell, ourselves and our society.
Campbell is professor emeritus of nutritional biochemistry and Wayne is associate professor of plant biology. Both work at Cornell University.
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Thanks for this well-documented post. My wife and I (both Cornell alumni) just saw Dr. Campbell and Dr. Esselstyn, formerly of the cardiac Cleveland Clinic, present on a “holistic health” cruise last week. We also saw the film “Forks Over Knives”, which featured them both. Very convincing. Laid out the diet-health connection, including great graphics (reminiscent of the film “Inside Job” about the financial meltdown). We are going vegan now. Anyone want some eggs and butter?
I live in Idaho in the dairy capital of the state. A number of years ago before I became interested in the lifestyle I now live I had an interesting experience with academic freedom. The local Chamber of Commerce sponsors an annual Success Breakfast. Many outstanding speakers have been brought in to speak. Jeremy Rifkin was scheduled to speak one year. I had never heard of him. About two weeks before the scheduled event his speaking engagement was cancelled. Being curious I wondered why. His written words contained in a book, The Cattle Culture (I think) were a problem for our local cattle and dairy industry. The college was put under a great deal of pressure as was the Chamber of Commerce. Those industries contribute a great deal of money. My first thought was of academic freedom. It was my thought that the talk should have been given. IF there were problems the light of the talk would have only been of benefit to the dairy and cattle industry. It was my first experience with censorship. I read the book. It was eye opening. The censorship of academic freedom led to a better life for me. Sad that a university is so closed.
Please go to this link and add your comments and then sign the petition! Don’t be “Anonymous.” (Sometimes your comments do not show. Re-post another time.)
Support Academic Freedom Petition
iPetition for re-instating Dr. Campbell’s “Vegetarian Nutrition” live course at Cornell University, Ithica, New York — Started Feb. 27, 2009
Cornell University purports to be “an institution where any person can find instruction in any study”. However, the treatment of the course formerly known as “NS200 – Vegetarian Nutrition” makes it necessary to add “except plant-based nutrition that saves lives.”
The course was pulled from the course catalog in 2005 with no notification given to the course instructor, T. Colin Campbell, followed by subsequent refusal to disclose the reason that the course was withdrawn, and further, with no opportunity given to Dr. Campbell to discuss the reasons for this decision with the Division of Nutrition Curriculum Committee.
T. Colin Campbell says of his experience:
“That termination of the course for credit is a violation, in my view, of the sacred concept of academic freedom, as it is for the course content itself.
Further, the course was terminated, with no consultation with me by a department head who had a strong conflict of interest arising from the for-profit world which stands against the information presented in the course, namely, that I was questioning the alleged health value of cow’s milk. Obviously I cannot say with certainty that this is the major reason for his decision but he and his successor refuse to answer my question as to why they did this without my consultation or without allowing me to seek the opinion of the curriculum committee who originally approved it on behalf of the faculty.
Also, the course content arose from the results of my years-long research program which was generously funded by American taxpayers (NIH), which were published in the very best scientific journals and which have now proven to be of exceptional value to many people since publication of our national bestselling book, The China Study. I sincerely regret that we cannot abide by Ezra Cornell’s wishes in 1868 when he said that “I would found an institution where any person can find instruction in any study.” ”
I urge the Cornell Administration to reverse this decision, which is so clearly a violation of academic freedom and is behavior which falls far below the standard one would expect from an institution such as Cornell.
It’s utterly ridiculous to cancel courses without any explanation whatsoever. The students should protest against this.
Thanks for keeping us informed!