Or just the ONLY primary cause that we can change quickly?
This blog is dedicated to the memory of Robert Goodland, who suffered an untimely death at 74, in December of 2013. Born in England in 1939, educated in Canada, professor in Brazil; his career was all about ecology, most notably, climate change. To my knowledge, this blog contains his last two video appearances and a link to his last published work. Achim Steiner, Executive Director of the U.N. Environment Programme, will speak at his memorial service in Washington, DC on February 27. For more info, visit Robert’s website.
Dr. Robert Goodland and Jeff Anhang, longtime environmental specialists at the World Bank Group, estimated in 2009 that livestock are responsible for at least 51% of human-induced greenhouse gas, and that replacing at least 25% of today’s livestock products with better alternatives by 2017 may be the only pragmatic way to stop further climate change before it’s too late.
Let’s be clear. We’re talking a GLOBAL reduction of meat calories. With people in China and other developing nations increasing their meat consumption every day, it’s going to take a MASSIVE world-wide effort to accomplish that 25% goal. To be sure, in order to have a ghost of a chance of hitting that minimum target, hundreds of millions of humans must be replacing ALL of their meat-based calories ASAP.
Without a doubt, for any massive global effort to be successful, genuine support of the mainstream media will be required. So let’s take a look at what some of the mainstream folks are saying—people like New York Times columnist, Mark Bittman.
Less Meat, Less Global Warming. We Could Be Heroes. That was the title of Bittman’s column NY Times article published on May 15, 2012. In it, Mark cited the works of Goodland and Anhang. Sadly, Dr. Goodland passed away a few weeks ago and I am dedicating this blogpost to him. Here is an excerpt of the Mark Bittman piece that describes his direct correspondence with Goodland:
Five years ago, the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization published a report called “Livestock’s Long Shadow,” which maintained that 18 percent of greenhouse gases were attributable to the raising of animals for food. The number was startling.
A couple of years later, however, it was suggested that the number was too small. Two environmental specialists for the World Bank, Robert Goodland (the bank’s former lead environmental adviser) and Jeff Anhang, claimed, in an article in World Watch, that the number was more like 51 percent. It’s been suggested that that number is extreme, but the men stand by it, as Mr. Goodland wrote to me this week: “All that greenhouse gas isn’t emitted directly by animals. ”But according to the most widely-used rules of counting greenhouse gases, indirect emissions should be counted when they are large and when something can be done to mitigate or reduce them.”
The exact number doesn’t matter. What does is that few people take the role of livestock in producing greenhouse gases seriously enough. Even most climate change experts focus on new forms of energy — which cannot possibly be effective quickly enough or produced on a broad enough scale to avert what may be the coming catastrophe — and often ignore the much easier fix of adjusting our eating habits.
(See link below to this article in the Times.)
Short Video on Global Warming from Robert Goodland. The only way to begin curbing global warming quickly is to address the #1 cause—and that would be livestock. This video explains the simple big picture in less than three minutes.
In it, the narrator talks about the need to replace 25% of our animal-based calories with plant-based. To me, this is a little misleading, because this is a global problem—meaning that we must replace 25% of ALL of the animal calories in the world, not just in the USA. Plus, we know that ALL of the people are not going to comply—for whatever reasons. Right now, for each American going vegan, there are an estimated ten Chinese moving in the other direction.
Quite simply, we must encourage EVERYONE to replace as many of their animal-based as possible—the more the better. Then, we can only hope that the minimum of a 25% global reduction will be exceeded. Eventually, humankind will no longer consume ANY animal-based foods—maybe as early as 2100.
Remembering Robert Goodland. I never had the chance to meet this man personally although we did share an email exchange a few weeks before his death. Also I attended his memorial service in Washington, DC, and met his widow in February of 2014. Today, I want to honor him by providing two videos that were taken just months before his death–by Dr. John McDougall in Santa Rosa, California.
Six Minutes with Robert Goodland—September 2013
During the same weekend in 2013, the following video contains 17 minutes of excerpts from a 90-minute lecture to a live audience at the McDougall Advance Study weekend retreat in Santa Rosa, California.
“Only pragmatic way to curb climate change in time”
Back to the Worldwatch article referenced earlier. Before ending this blog, I want to cite a few excerpts from this exceptional paper. The opening paragraph reads as follows:
Whenever the causes of climate change are discussed, fossil fuels top the list. Oil, natural gas, and especially coal are indeed major sources of human-caused emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs). But we believe that the life cycle and supply chain of domesticated animals raised for food have been vastly underestimated as a source of GHGs, and in fact account for at least half of all human-caused GHGs. If this argument is right, it implies that replacing livestock products with better alternatives would be the best strategy for reversing climate change. In fact, this approach would have far more rapid effects on GHG emissions and their atmospheric concentrations—and thus on the rate the climate is warming—than actions to replace fossil fuels with renewable energy.
Sharing these powerful truths with the world. To me, global warming is the single biggest issue of our generation. Most of the damage has been done during my lifetime (born in 1945) — and powerful steps to mitigate its devastating impacts are URGENTLY needed. We don’t have the twenty years or the $18 trillion to replace fossil fuels with renewables. We only have five or ten years MAX—so we must get started in earnest now.
It will take decades, if not centuries, to make a dent in the other major drivers of global warming, water scarcity, soil erosion and deforestation. But every individual can change what they eat overnight. And if they do, our free market system will deliver the healthy plant-based foods that we’re demanding—as billions of acres of land, now devoted to livestock, are re-forested and returned to nature—once again promoting health, hope and harmony on our planet.
And the greatest of these is harmony, because unless we soon learn to live in harmony with nature, there will be no hope for us or our civilization. And then it won’t really matter how healthy we are as we run out of water & food—and starve to death together. —J. Morris Hicks
As of today, February 4, 2014, the two videos above have each been seen on YouTube around 2,000 times. If they were each seen TWO BILLION times, we’d have something going. So let’s make that happen. Send this blog along to everyone you know and ask them to do the same.
Thank you Dr. Mcdougall. A special thanks to my friend John McDougall who provided these priceless videos. It may turn out that they play a prominent role in helping all of us preserve our planet’s ability to sustain us as a species. What could be more important than that?
- Source article by Mark Bittman. Less Meat, Less Global Warming (We could be heroes) – NYTimes.com.
- November 2009 Worldwatch Article (pdf) by Goodland and Anhang. Livestock and Climate Change. What if the key actors in climate change are cows, pigs and chickens?
- My 2-3-14 blog describing in detail the dilemma we face. Global Depletion. The Big Picture. The Solution.
- January 2014. Dr. Goodland’s final article on Climate.org Dr. Robert Goodland’s Happier Meals article re GHG January 2014
- Dr. Goodland’s website home page. www.chompingclimatechange.org
The following five books and one DVD can be purchased on Amazon for a grand total of less than $60—and will enable you to understand the overwhelming challenges we face—along with the single most-powerful solution of all.
Six-Pack from Hicks—for health, hope & harmony on planet Earth
- Healthy Eating, Healthy World, The “big picture” about food (our book)
- A life changer for millions, including James Cameron. Forks Over Knives DVD
- An essential scientific resource: The China Study by Dr. T. Colin Campbell; the primary book that influenced Bill Clinton to adopt a whole food, plant-based diet.
- What have we done to our planet? Full Planet, Empty Plates by Lester Brown
- A horrifying wake-up call for leaders. TEN BILLION by Dr. Stephen Emmott
- Food choices are the primary cause of our environmental problems, yet our world leaders, scientists & experts are Comfortably Unaware, by Richard Oppenlander.
Why should we be eating mostly plants? The “big picture” in 4 minutes.
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